Wednesday, April 15, 2009

Portable Ubuntu Rocks

Years ago (literally 2.5 years ago) I had tried co-linux. At that time it was in initial stages but was working perfectly in text mode. If you don't know whats co-linux, its linux distribution which works like Windows Binary. No need to setup Virtaul Machine Emualator and install or add virtual images. This was when I had never heard of Virtualization and I was really amazed of the idea. At that time co-linux had managed some elementary GUI drawing mainly KDE applications (at least i had seen screeshots), it did not work though on my machine. Just minutes before I downloaded portable ubuntu after reading this Post from LifeHacker. And it works!! just like described. Who needs VMWare and stuff like that if you can work on linux shell as well as Firefox just Alt-Tab apart. Here is screenshot of Portable Ubuntu in action.

Saturday, April 11, 2009

Links : List of Geeky Quotes

Here :
My Fav is I would love to change the world, but they won’t give me the source code

Wednesday, April 8, 2009

Links : Distributed Hash Tables

Nice List of Distributed Key-Value Stores :

Querying Java Objects stored in Terracotta's NAM

This post is inspired from : . Nothing new .. just another word in blogosphere.

Terracotta is gr8 clustering solution in-fact its platform-level service hence has large number of uses. One of the use is using it as database. Terracotta can never replace database but it can play role of data storage media very well. One of major disadvantage is lack of querying data. Only way you can query data is Map. Map is like single index so if you want to get list of object satisfying some criteria you are required to integrate through entire collection. There are already APIs written for querying java collections. So you can use them with Terracotta NAM.

When you think about querying there are lot of factors : Query Language, Its Performance - Optimizers, Operations Supported : Select, Update, Delete, Joins


JoSQL is good API for querying java collections with good documentation. I did small test with 1 million objects and random query took around 800ms which is way too much. Again its simple iteration through collection due to lack of indexes and query execution plan. Problem with Indexes is that Object graphs can change and at every change you are required to recompute the index which would be difficult to do : as complex as Terracotta's bytecode instrumentation. You can find test code here

Query Language : Moderately good, Performance : Not good for large collections, No update or delete only select projection queries. No joins


Quaere is a very flexible DSL that lets you perform a wide range of queries against any data structure that is an array, or implements the java.lang.Iterable. Its sort of port of LINQ of .Net world. I think linq is next generation data quering tool -cleaner. Quaere is not query language but query API just like Hiberate Criteria query but more elegant. I really liked quaere - its really powerful its support join operation. You can read this post for details : Solving Puzzles with Quaere Its still beta level and not released. One of Queare's another sister project is its JPA integration. Imagine you could write standard JPA application with Quaere as query language and Terracotta as persistent store. No need of database. But as with JoSQL Quaere is also slow. I mean slower than RDBMS. I did small test with 1 million object similar to JoSQL test and response time was similar to JoSQL. You can download test code here

This post also discusses jmap's OQL implementation. It uses rhino javascript engine behind with hashtables.I did consider it to port for Terracotta but its custom written for Object Heap Dumps. JxPath is another tool with which you can query java collections using XPath expressions. I did not evaluate JxPath since i felt it will be on similar lines of JoSQL and Quaere, only different flavor. If you have used XPath earlier then this is much easier to use.

GlazedList is event driven list API specially designed for Swing Applications displaying table and list data. But if you consider List of Objects as table (each object is row and its properties as columns) a proper in-memory index can be maintained for querying. But this applies to only root object level. What if inner object in object graph store in your container changes?. You may then need to update the container whenever object changes. So i guess maintaining in-memory index for java objects is pretty difficult thing to do.

With such tools i think you can easily query moderate size java collections stored in Terracotta's durable memory with acceptable response time.


Tuesday, April 7, 2009

Maven : Java Profiling

At workplace I use maven extensively. In fact I like maven so much that I am slowly moving lot of java eclipse project into maven project. Maven has very good eclipse plugin which makes integration with Eclipse very easy. You can run maven from eclipse. Maven is really good tool. If you have any specific needs you can write your own plugin. At my previous workplace, senior engineer in my project automated everything (starting jboss servers on remote machine in various environments : testing, perf-testing, integration testing etc. database population, database schema drop/rebuild etc).

But now I wanted to profile java application which I used to run from maven. One of the best part of maven is dependency management and repository - it builds classpath automatically for you, but then its pain too. If you want to run java application you have to do through Maven. There is exec plugin with which you can run any Application or shell script and there is exec:java with which you can run java Main class. The problem is that exec:java is in same JVM. So you cant run any java agent(-agent) or other things : Specifically Java Profiling. You should make sure you run the application within the same environment/settings.

So my first task was to get the complete classpath and then launch java with profiler java options. I am using jprofiler which uses JVMTI agent hence you need to append "-agentlib:jprofilerti=port=31757 -Xbootclasspath/a:/Applications/jprofiler5/bin/agent.jar" to java command line.

Here is little shell script through which I managed to do java profiling for maven Project. This will work only for J2SE applications tough!. Frustrating part was variable DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH. I was new to MacOS and was trying with usual LD_LIBRARY_PATH and -agentpath jvm option. Surprisingly -agentpath option should work on MacOS but it didnt work i guess some problem with Jprofiler binary. But lastly i managed to profile my application properly.

mvn dependency:build-classpath -Dmdep.outputFile=mycp.txt
export CLASSP=`cat ./mycp.txt`
export DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH=$DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH:/Applications/jprofiler5/bin/macos
$JAVA_HOME/bin/java -cp $CLASSP:./target/classes -agentlib:jprofilerti=port=31757 -Xbootclasspath/a:/Applications/jprofiler5/bin/agent.jar $*

This is the first time I had to do away with maven command. I wished somebody had written maven plugin for lauching jprofiler enabled apps. There is maven plugin for Yourkit Java Profiler : but it did now work.